Bahamas, being an archipelago, is very rich in natural resources. Some of their natural resources are salt, aragonite, timber, arable land, and many more. But in today’s modern world, we have to make sure that such will be preserved because we know for a fact that natural resources around the world are slowly diminishing. And to ensure the conservation of these in the islands, the Bahamas National Trust was established. The country also agreed in The Convention of the International Trade of Endangered Species to preserve the endangered plants and animals.
Approximately five percent of the world’s corals surround the Bahamas. In fact, almost two-thirds of the country is made up of corals and hills. The remaining parts of the land are covered with shrubs and forests.
The great weather in the Bahamas makes it possible to grow different and unique flowers like hibiscus, oleander, bougainvillea, and many more. The country’s national tree is Lignum Vitae, also known as Tree of Life and its national flower is the Yellow Elder.
As time passes by, their endangered species continue to increase such as the Green Turtle, Kirtland’s Warbler, Bachman’s Warbler, Bahamian Boa Constrictor, Watling Island Iguana, Hawksbill Turtle, Allen Cays Rock Iguana, etc. Other species that live in the islands are pelicans, humming birds, and the pink West Indian flamingo, which is the national bird of the country. The sea surrounding the islands is also rich in various living creatures like dolphins, tunas, moray eels, sea horses, and the blue marlin which is considered their national fish.
There are several national parks in the Bahamas which only proves how important natural resources are to them. Below are some of the parks that aid in the preservation of these natural resources.
- Abaco National Park. It was established in 1994 as the first main park in the island. It is where endangered species like the Bahamian Parrot and acres of pine forest or coppice can be found.
- Inagua National Park. It is located in the Great Inagua Island and it houses about 60,000 West Indian Flamingoes, Bahamian Parrots, freshwater turtles, and some other water birds.
- Conception Island National Park. It is the breeding place of Green Turtles and a place where migratory birds stay.
- Lucayan National Park. It is situated at the east of Grand Bahama Freeport and it has one of the world’s largest underwater cave measuring more than 6 miles.
- Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park. This was established in 1959 and it is considered as one of the first reserves of marine life in the Caribbean. It is known for its conservation of sea creatures.